The Israelite Origins of Europa: the Phoenicians in the West

Phoenician sarcophagus, Beruit, Lebanon.

Many mistakenly have come to perceive that the ancient Shemites of Western Asia were completely alien to ancient Europe both in race and in custom, but surely this is false. One of the most notable early European peoples was in fact Shemitic both in speech and descent, though they were racially alien to modern day “Semites” such as the Edomite Jews and the Arabs.

‘The Satanic Origins of the Kenite, Canaanite and Edomite Jews’

The art of the Phoenicians displays countenances just like those of their Greek cousins. Their stonework and coinage describe a race displaying both Nordic and Mediterranean elements and they seem to represent an early common ancestor of the Pontic and Atlantic Nordo-Mediterranean racial types. 

These seafaring explorers brought the alphabet to proto-Greek culture and are credited by ancient writers with spreading literacy and many other important crafts to the Mediterranean basin.

It may come as a surprise to many Europeans to find that their continent was named after a Shemite but Europa herself was surely a Phoenician by all Greek accounts. She is consistently mentioned as immediate kin of Phoenix himself 

Many other ancient Hellenic heroes, gods and demigods are of Shemitic-Phoenician origin including Heracles, Dionysus, Semele, the Cabiri, Oedipus, Phoenix, Minos, Sarpedon, Rhadamanthys, Phineus and Adonis among others.

Italic bust of Carthaginian-Phoenician captain Hannibal Barca, Capua, Italy.

The Phoenicia of early Greek poets and geographers stretched from the edges of the Nile to Northern Syria and included all of the coastland inhabited by the northern house of Israel. This of course describes the ancient land of Israel in Canaan from the ancient Greek perspective.

Most biblical maps offered by modern scholars blatantly deny the borders of Israel as described in Scripture in order to accommodate the falsehood that the Phoenicians were distinct from the Israelites. In fact Scripture clearly describes Israelite territory extending far into the region they map as Phoenicia, but even the region they call Phoenicia does not correspond properly to ancient Phoenicia as the Greeks described it. Rather it corresponds loosely to the Roman administrative region of much later times. Of course any faithful student of Scripture must question this contradiction between Scripture and the agendas of modern scholars.

The name Phoenician is derived immediately from phoinikos meaning “crimson” or “red” which also came to refer to the famous Tyrian dye. Some scholars errantly connect this to the Akkadian word kinahhu which refers to crimson dyed wool. They then connect kinahhu with Canaan and thus they conclude that Phoenicians are the Canaanites. 

This theory ignores the known etymology of Canaan from the Semitic root knʿ  meaning “to be low, humble, subjugated”. This root is the origin of the Hebrew word kana (H3665) meaning “bring down low” or “to be humble” from a primitive root meaning properly “to bend the knee” and Strong’s offers kana as the immediate root of Kna’an (H3667). A much more likely candidate for a related Akkadian word is kananu meaning “contract”, “curl up” or “bow oneself”. Thus this attempt to relate Canaanites to Phoenicians through etymology must be dismissed.

It is often conjectured that the ethnonym Phoenician originated in reference to the Tyrian dye extracted from the murex snail. While this is possible it is not certain nor is it attested to in any ancient sources. Phoinikos is derived from phoinós  meaning “blood-red”. Thus Phoenician may be a Greek translation of the Hebrew word adam (H120) which is the Hebrew word for their own race. Adam derives from adom (H119) meaning “to show blood in the face”, “flush”, “turn rosey” or “be dyed red”. The Israelites called themselves adam throughout Scripture and also used adom and related words in Scripture to describe themselves.

‘Physical Descriptions and Depictions of the Adamites, Shemites, Hebrews, Israelites and Judahites’

Graeco-Phoenician sarcophagus, Beruit, Lebanon.

Notable tribal groups descended from the Phoenicians include the Thebians (through Cadmus), the Milesians of Ireland (from the Phoenician colony of Miletus in Anatolia) and the Carthaginians (the empire who nearly beat Rome in the battle for dominion of the Western Mediterranean).

The Trojans were also considered close relatives of the Phoenicians. Cadmus “the Phoenician” who founded Thebes was said to be the brother in law of Dardanos the Trojan patriarch. While beyond the scope of this discussion, it can be established that Dardanos and his brother Calchal were sons of Zerah son of Judah. 

The ancient Greeks recorded the ancestors of the Dorians and the Danaans as having come to Greece by sea from Phoenicia (which included all the land of ancient Israel) and Egypt. Their patriarchs such as Cadmus “the Phoenician” and Danaus “the Egyptian” were said to have come from the Near East via the Mediterranean and Crete.

‘Dardan, Danaan and Dorian Origins: the Mediterranean Migrations of Israel’

The name Cadmus is possibly related to the Semitic triliteral root qdm signifying “east” (in Hebrew, qedem means “front”, “east” and the verb qadam in Syriac means “to be in front”), and the Greek kekasmai (<*kekadmai) meaning “to shine”. Therefore, the complete meaning of the name might be “he who excels, from the East”.

The Danaans were surely descendants of the seafaring tribe of Dan who began to depart from the rest of Israel before the Exodus. Their patriarch Danaus is called “the Egyptian” in Greek poetry as the Israelites then dwelt in Egypt.

In the Irish Book of Invasions these Danaans appear as the Tuatha de Danann and it is said they sailed to Ireland after sojourning in lands further North, presumably in Scandinavia.

In Scandinavia there is archaeological evidence for migrations from the Mediterranean bringing Egyptian glass and Cypriot copper. This supports the conclusions of Theo Venneman in his work Germania Semitica where he demonstrates a Semitic superstratum in the Germanic languages connected with maritime peoples from the Mediterranean such as the Phoenicians.

Many European ethnonyms and hydronyms such as Danir, Dneiper, Danaan, Danube and Danann are thought to come from the proto-Indo-European root *dʰenh₂ meaning “to run”, “to flow” or “to set in motion”. I would propose that *dʰenh₂ is related to the Hebrew word din (H1777) meaning “sail, direct” or “straight course” which is also the root of the name of the tribe of Dan. Thus it may be that these ethnonyms mean “Danite” or “sailor” and that the the hydronyms refer to a direct flowing course. The Phoenicians were known to colonize the river valleys so it would make sense for them to have applied such names to familiar rivers.

The Celtic god Bel is none other than the Baal of Canaan whom the Israelites worshiped and the Beltane rites reflect those devoted to Baal in ancient Canaan. Even today in some parts of the British Isles Beltane festivals continue the practice of passage through fire. 

The British Islands are famous for their megaliths. Particularly cromlechs which are rings of standing stones with an altar or pillar in the centre. These are not unique to Britain and the same structures have been found at Byblos and Gylgal in Palestine. 

The Irish used to call the altars bothal, and in North-West Semitic languages they are called bethel meaning “house of God”. They are mentioned several times in Scripture and God foretold that the dispersed Israelites would build such structures in Jeremiah 31.21.

While the sphinx is a simplified version, the cherub was a sphinx-like creature with the head of a man, the wings of an eagle, the front quarters of a lion and the hind quarters of a bull. 

These are the same four symbols described as being a part of the throne of God, in both the Revelation and the opening chapters of Ezekiel. They are also the symbols of the leading tribes situated around the Tabernacle in the wilderness. The Phoenicians used sphinxes and cherubs in their art and such figures have been found as far West as Iberia.

Just as the Israelites of Scripture the Phoenicians were frequent idolaters but also worshiped a supreme deity. This deity is called El which is an epithet of YHWH and El was considered king of the Gods in Canaan.

Of course the Phoenicians primarily worshiped the native gods of Canaan such as Baal and Astarte but this should not be surprising as Israel dwelt in Canaan only roughly 8 centuries and they were almost wholly pagan for the last several centuries of their time there. It was for this very reason that the whole northern house of Israel went into the Assyrian captivity in the 8th century BC. 

Phoenician sphinx/cherub, Nimrud, Iraq.

At the time of the Assyrian captivity the Israelites began to sharply dwindle in Canaan with the greater portion being deported to Northern Mesopotamia and the rest fleeing by sea to other colonies throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic. After the late 8th century BC and the Assyrian captivity the native Canaanites who had been subdued by the Israelites began to reinhabit the cities and ports, but the Phoenician colonies in the West retained their posterity. 

Ancient Hebrew and Phoenician are closely related North-West Semitic tongues both being derivatives of the so-called “Canaanite” language family. The variations were merely a difference of dialect between the scribes, priesthood and aristocracy and the common folk and explorers who dealt in maritime trade. Archaeologists typically cannot even distinguish paleo-Hebrew inscriptions from Phoenician inscriptions.

The “paleo-Hebrew” script is a subcategory of “Phoenician”. This “Phoenician” script was the first alphabet and it is the basis of the Greek and Latin alphabets. Use of this alphabet spread throughout every ancient White civilization forming not only the afforementioned classical scripts, but also scripts like Brahmi, Futhark, Ogham and the very alphabet in which I write this.

The Jewish archaeological and linguistic authorities have greatly obfuscated the linguistic history of Canaan. What is commonly called “proto-Canaanite” is actually the language of the Israelites of the Exodus which I would call Terahitic after Terah the ancestor of Abraham and Haran the father of Lot. Its writing system is “proto-Sinaitic” whose parent system is Egyptian hieroglyphics.

Descendants include “Biblical Hebrew”, “Edomite”, “Ammonite” and “Moabite”. This raises an interesting question? Why is it named “Canaanite” when none of these tribes are direct Canaanite descendants, but rather descend (paternally at least) from Shemites of the line of Terah?

From “proto-Canaanite” comes “Canaanite” and there are two further developments from “Canaanite” identifiable with the Israelites: “Phoenician” and “Biblical Hebrew”. The languages of the Canaanites of Scripture (not as misidentified by Jewish archaeologists) are “Amorite” (perhaps properly proto-Canaanite) and its child “Ugaritic” (perhaps Canaanite).

Little is claimed by experts about “Amorite” beyond defining it as ancestral to “Ugaritic”. Neither language uses any of the “North-West Semitic” alphabets like “proto-Sinaitic”, “Canaanite”, “Phoenician” and “paleo-Hebrew” etc. Rather “Ugaritic” has its own cuneiform derived script.

The movement of Sinaitic speech and script out of Egypt and the Sinai peninsula into Canaan at the time of the Exodus and the conquest of Canaan perfectly matches the biblical narrative as well as the account of the conquest of Canaan in the Amarna letters.

‘Habiru: Reavers of the Fertile Crescent’

The linguistic and alphabetical lineage from “proto-Canaanite” to “Canaanite” to “Phoenician” and “Biblical Hebrew” is properly the Israelite linguistic development. Of course if scholars understood this it would prompt a line of questioning which would ultimately discredit Jewry and Zionism.

Aegyto-Phoenician sarcophagus, Beruit, Lebanon.

An astounding affinity exists between the North-West Semitic languages and the Celtic languages. Many scholars have noted this over the years including J. Courtenay James, Karel Jongeling, E. Raymond Capt, R. Govett, Beale Poste, Dr. Davies, Dr. Duncan McDougall, Samuel Lysons, Morris Jones, Theo Vennemann, Julius Pokorny, Heinrich Wagner, and Orin Gensler, to name just a few.

Both Celtic and Semitic languages are generally verb-subject-object in their default syntax. The two groups of languages feature extensive use of prepositions inflected for person and number. In both languages prepositions can be used to express obligation or possession. Celtic and Semitic languages both make use of resumptive pronouns in relative clauses.

Both families have a definite article but no indefinite article. Both use the construct state genitive in which two nouns are placed one after the other with the first noun modifying the second. Semitic and Celtic tongues both use the equivalent of “and” to subordinate one clause to the previous clause. 

Phoenician coin, Sidon.

In 1675 Charles Edwards (“Hanes y Fydd”) documented what he termed Welsh Cambro-Brittanic Hebraisms which show that whole phrases in Welsh can be closely paralleled by whole phrases in Hebrew. It should be noted that when account is taken for likely and known dialectical changes of pronounciation the examples given in effect show identical Welsh parallel phrases for the Hebrew original. 

In Welsh: Gael hedd meaning “Geledd” i.e. “Heap of testimony” (Genesis 31.47) = in Hebrew: Galaed. 

In Welsh: Bagad meaning “A troop cometh?” (Genesis 30.11) = in Hebrew: Ba gad. 

In Welsh: Anudon meaning “Without God” = in Hebrew: Aen Adon. 

In Welsh: Yni all sy dda meaning “I am the Almighty God” (Genesis 17.1) = in Hebrew: Ani El Saddai. 

In Welsh: Llai iachu yngwyddd achau ni meaning “Let him not live before our brethren” (Genesis 31.32) = in Hebrew: Loa yichei neged acheinu. 

In Welsh: Ochoren ballodddi hoc-dena meaning “After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure?” = in Hebrew: Acharei belothi hedenah (Genesis 18.12).

In Welsh: Bebroch fra am beneu ach ef, dyfet Deborah mam ianceth Ribecah meaning “When he fled from the face of his brother. But Deborah Rebecca’s nurse died” (Genesis 35.7-8) = in Hebrew: Beborcho mpnei achiv vetamath Deborah mayneceth Ribecah. 

In Welsh: Yngan Job yscoli yscoli cynghaws i (Job 6.1-2) meaning “Job answered, O that my grief were thoroughly weighed” = in Hebrew: Veya(g)n Eyub… shocol yishocal ca(g)si. 

In Welsh: Amelhau bytheu chwi a bythau holl ufyddau chwi meaning “And they shall fill your house and the houses of all your servants” (Genesis 10.6) = in Hebrew: Umalu bathechoh and bathei col avedochoh. 

In Welsh: Iachadd ni meaning “Thou hast healed me” = in Hebrew: Hechiyatni. 

In Welsh: Nesa awyr peneu chwi meaning “Lift thou up the light of thy countenance” = in Hebrew: Nasa aor panechoh (Psalms 4.6). 

In Welsh: As chwimwth meaning “an angry man” = in Hebrew: Ish chamas (Psalms 140.12, Proverbs 16.29 meaning a wickedly violent man). 

In Welsh: Be heulo, luerferfo (Job 6.4) meaning “When his candle shined… and by his light” = in Hebrew: Behilo, leoroe. 

In Welsh: Bwgythieu in gwarchaeni (Job 6.4) meaning “The terrors of God set themselves in array against me” = in Hebrew: Biu(g)thi elohai ya-a(g)rchuni. 

In Welsh: I far meaning “Shall be cursed” = Hebrew: Yu-ar, yuv-ar. (Numbers 22.6). 

In Welsh: Am geryddo fo meaning “At his reproof” = in Hebrew: Im ge-arato.

‘The Linguistic Developments of the Shemites, Hebrews and Israelites’

The Declaration of Arbroath

The Scottish Declaration of Arbroath represents a somewhat confused remembrance of the dispersions of ancient Israel. The Israelites settled Ireland in two main waves of migration.

The first occurred via the Mediterranean and Atlantic seaways through the Strait of Gibraltar. These settlers were the Milesians who were Phoenician-Israelites from the colony of Miletus in Anatolia and the Tuatha de Danann who were Danite-Israelites. The arrivals of both are recorded in the Book of Invasions. The second main wave of migration came to Europe via Asia Minor and the Steppe as Cimmerians and Scythians. These gave the Scots their name. 

‘Scythian Origins: the Lost Tribes in Iran, the Steppe and Europe’

“Most Holy Father and Lord, we know and from the chronicles and books of the ancients we find that among other famous nations our own, the Scots [derived from Scyth], has been graced with widespread renown. They journeyed from Greater Scythia [the lands inhabited by the Scythian-Israelites of the Assyrian captivity] by way of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Pillars of Hercules [the Strait of Gibraltar], and dwelt for a long course of time in Spain among the most savage tribes, but nowhere could they be subdued by any race, however barbarous. Thence they came, twelve hundred years after the people of Israel crossed the Red Sea, to their home in the west where they still live today.”
-The Declaration of Arbroath

Note that Ireland was known in antiquity as Hibernia and that there is a cluster of Islands known as the Hebrides off the Coast of Scotland. Of course Iberia lies across the way from Hibernia. There is also an Iberia in the Caucasus where once dwelt the Scythian-Israelites. The similarities in these toponyms with such closely interrelated history is no coincidence.

Strong’s Concordance says this of the Hebrew word Eber (H5676):

“against, beyond, by, from, over, passage, quarter, other,

From abar; properly, a region across; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; ususally meaning the east) — X against, beyond, by, X from, over, passage, quarter, (other, this) side, straight.”

Eber derives from abar (H5674) of which Strong’s has this to say:

“alienate, alter, at all, beyond, bring over, through, carry over, overcome on,

A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literal or figurative; transitive, intransitive, intensive, causative); specifically, to cover (in copulation) — alienate, alter, X at all, beyond, bring (over, through), carry over, (over-)come (on, over), conduct (over), convey over, current, deliver, do away, enter, escape, fail, gender, get over, (make) go (away, beyond, by, forth, his way, in, on, over, through)…”

Eber is also the name of the patriarch of the Hebrews who were a tribe of explorers and colonists. The Hebrews would call the lands they settled and lands they had yet reached after the region “across”, “against”, “by” or “beyond” a geographical point of reference. Perhaps they even named these lands for Eber the Hebrew patriarch in some cases. Thus the Hebrews have marked their routes for us, and they all lead West.

‘Habiru: Reavers of the Fertile Crescent’

Phoenician sarcophagus, Beruit, Lebanon.

Surely these people who brought literacy to Europe and founded several notable early European tribes were not “Semites” as the word is commonly used in modern times. Rather they are among the ancestors of modern Europeans. Their descendants may be found today among the Celts of Western Europe and scattered among the peoples of Mediterranean Europe.

“1Hearken to me, ye islands; and attend, ye nations; after a long time it shall come to pass, saith the Lord: from my mother’s womb he has called my name:

2and he has made my mouth as a sharp sword, and he has hid me under the shadow of his hand; he has made me as a choice shaft, and he has hid me in his quiver;

3and said to me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, and in thee I will be glorified.

4Then I said, I have laboured in vain, I have given my strength for vanity and for nothing: therefore is my judgment with the Lord, and my labour before my God.

5And now, thus saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his own servant, to gather Jacob to him and Israel. I shall be gathered and glorified before the Lord, and my God shall be my strength.”
-Isaiah 49

“8Behold, I bring them from the north, and will gather them from the end of the earth to the feast of the passover: and the people shall beget a great multitude, and they shall return hither.

9They went forth with weeping, and I will bring them back with consolation, causing them to lodge by the channels of waters in a straight way, and they shall not err in it: for I am become a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my first-born.

10Hear the words of the Lord, ye nations, and proclaim them to the islands afar off; say, He that scattered Israel will also gather him, and keep him as one that feeds his flock.”
-Jeremiah 31

‘The New Covenant with Israel’

‘The Antiquities of the Celtic Church’

Phoenician sarcophagi, Beruit, Lebanon.

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